Jul 10, 2013 09:02 Metallurgical testing key in Geismar plant explosion Metallurgical testing key in Geismar plant explosion Photo provided by the U.S. Chemical Safety Board -- This reboiler, or heat exchanger, at the Williams Olefins plant in Geismar ruptured and released a flammable vapor cloud that exploded June 13, killing two and injuring more than 100, authorities have said. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration proposed $99,000 in penalties against Williams Wednesday over the blast and cited the company for six safety violations, including those over equipment and procedures related to reboilers like this one. BY DAVID J. MITCHELL| River Parishes bureau July 10, 2013 Comments GONZALES — A probe into what caused the catastrophic equipment failure leading to a fatal explosion and fire at the Williams Olefins plant in Geismar last month is expected to rely heavily on metallurgical testing, a lead federal investigator said. Investigators believe the early blast on June 13 started after a heat exchanger failed in a section of the Ascension Parish facility known as a propylene fractionator, where propylene is refined for products like consumer plastics. Two men were fatally burned and 114 were injured. Dan Tillema, team leader for the U.S. Chemical Safety Board’s inquiry into the Williams Olefins fire, said “a lot of our conclusions” are expected to come from the planned metallurgical tests aimed at understanding how and why the exchanger failed. “That’s where it looks like the real answers are going to come from,” he said. Metallurgical tests typically consider the strength, chemical makeup and other factors in the metals used in equipment and why those metals may have failed. The safety board is an independent federal agency that investigates industrial chemical accidents, the agency website says. Tillema said investigators were able to get a close look at the exchanger June 27, taking photographs and video, after overhead hazards were mitigated. But they still had to stay about 10 feet away due to continuing structural concerns, he said. This week, metallurgists who work with the safety board and the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which is also investigating the blast, are expected to visit the site to develop testing plans. Tillema said the plans are expected to include determining whether and how to remove the exchanger for off-site tests. He said it is hard to know how long the metallurgical tests will take but added investigators have a goal of having at least some of it done in three to four months for OSHA. By statute, the workplace safety regulator has six months to finish its investigation, OSHA officials have said. Tom Droege, spokesman for the Tulsa, Okla., based Williams, said the company is cooperating with investigators but it would be inappropriate “to discuss various aspects of the investigation.” He added that Williams has personnel on site planning repairs, but it is too soon to say when those plans would be ready. “It’s just too early to know a time line right now,” he said Monday. In a separate, unrelated incident on June 14, OSHA late last week turned over the section of a CF Industries complex near Donaldsonville to company officials, a spokeswoman said Monday. In that incident, an equipment rupture killed one man and injured seven others. The last person hospitalized from the incident was released last week, said Blythe Lamonica, spokeswoman for CF Industries. She said that a turnaround, which had been underway but halted when the incident happened, has fully resumed after being partially restarted last week. Lamonica said investigations by OSHA, the company and a third party CF Industries has hired are ongoing. CF Industries’ plant along the Mississippi River on Ascension Parish’s west bank is the largest nitrogen complex in North America, producing 5 million tons of nitrogen per year, the company says. Investigators have said a header, which distributed nitrogen from a tanker truck to a series of hoses moving the product throughout the plant, failed. The tanker was carrying liquid nitrogen.